The macula is a collection of nerve cells found in the middle of the retina. This is where the eye focuses the images that we see. A macular hole is a hole that forms in this collection of nerve cells. Macular holes are created when the vitreous gel, or fluid in your eye, pulls away from the tissue, due to aging. Vitreous is attached to your retina by very fine fibers, and when it pulls away from the wall of your eye, these fibers can cause small holes to form in the retina.
Left untreated, macular holes can lead to retinal detachment.
The severity that a macular hole may have on your vision depends upon the stage of the hole. There are three stages to macular holes:
- Foveal Detachment
- Partial-Thickness Holes
- Full-Thickness Holes
Your doctor will evaluate the macular hole using an OCT imager. This devise scans the macula with a laser and provides a detailed image of the macula.
Treatment of Macular Holes
A vitrectomy is the most commonly used treatment for macular holes. During this treatment, the surgeon will remove the vitreous gel and replace it with a gas bubble. Then the surgeon will repair the damage. Eventually the gas bubble will dissipate and it will be replaced by the patient’s bodily fluid.
If you have suffered a relatively rapid loss in vision in one eye you should call for an appointment to determine the cause of the vision loss. Call us at 303-320-1777.